Cystatins inhibit cysteine peptidases of the papain family (MEROPS peptidase family C1), and some also inhibit legumain family enzymes (MEROPS peptidase family C13). These peptidases play key roles in physiological processes, such as intracellular protein degradation (cathepsins B, H and L), are pivotal in the remodelling of bone (cathepsin K), and may be important in the control of antigen presentation (cathepsin S, mammalian legumain). Moreover, the activities of such peptidases are increased in pathophysiological conditions, such as cancer metastasis and inflammation. Additionally, such peptidases are essential for several pathogenic parasites and bacteria. Thus in animals cystatins not only have capacity to regulate normal body processes and perhaps cause disease when down-regulated, but in other organisms may also participate in defence against biotic and abiotic stress.

The format for Signature ID is the family name, followed by H or P for HMM or Pattern respectively. The integer suffixed to H or P denotes the length of the sequences used to create the family signature. If no integer is suffixed, it indicates that the signature was created using all the sequences of the family. The integer following the underscore denotes the number of sequences used for the creation of signatures.

For example:
AureinH_21 is a HMM for Aurein family created using 21 sequences.
AureinP16_9 is a pattern for Aurein family derived using 9 input sequences that are 16 residues long.

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